In Spain around a hundred different varieties of almonds are grown. But only a few are commercialized on a large scale.
To speak of Spain and almond is to make it something important. Spain is the second country in production of this fruit, after the United States, and exports account for more than 55 percent of the total.
The almond tree is characterized by being a very robust tree. Thanks to this, it tolerates the climatic variations of humid winters and very warm summers of the Mediterranean area quite calmly. It is next to the olive tree, the two most cultivated trees for industrial production in the area. The life of almonds in normal conditions is estimated between 60 and 80 years.
The Spanish regions that produce most almonds are Andalusia, Catalonia, Aragon, Valencia, Balearic Islands and Murcia. In the rest, except for small areas of Extremadura, Castilla, its production could be considered testimonial. The varieties that are sold the most are the Largueta, Marcona (considered the highest quality) and Planet. These three are considered botanically pure and native to Spain.
Most of the almonds are cultivated in dry land, although their response to irrigation is very good, doubling production. With the implementation of drip irrigation and fertirrigation we achieved an advance of the entry into production of 2 years and more regular and larger crops. The season of almond harvest changes depending on the variety. The earliest are collected at the end of August and the last with the arrival of cold forts. The harvest must be done when the green bark of the almond is opened, and it must be done before the fruit falls to the ground.
The commercial output of the almond is growing in the food industry. Increasingly, it is an indispensable ingredient in new products, thanks to its properties. The almond is rich in calcium, helps reduce cholesterol, is used to make milk for celiacs, and contains a significant amount of vitamin E. From a few years ago, almonds are also used by cosmetic companies to make ointments and creams repairing.