More and more farmers are using new technologies to manage their crops, check consumption or to make remote requests for water. This type of irrigation tools are being widely used in the Spanish agricultural sector.
They incorporate, for example, functions to predict the need for irrigation of the plots according to the estimated meteorological conditions, so that the irrigators can adjust the watering envelope on the Internet according to humidity and temperature parameters. The modernization of irrigation control requires the renovation of infrastructures.
Replace those systems that distribute water by gravity, by other mechanisms such as pressure irrigation, which achieve an important saving of resources.
Through the implementation of computer programs that simplify and automate irrigation control, it is easier to make decisions in the different phases of water management.
Within these new technologies applied to agriculture that have been a revolution include:
Drills and tractors with GPS: this GPS technology, applied to agricultural vehicles, facilitates the realization of a greater amount of work in less time and in addition to a safer and more efficient way, it also brings with it a greater fuel saving.
High precision agriculture: refers to the appearance of software designed to analyze agricultural land and study the data obtained, allows farmers to enter information in the planter and achieve a much more efficient sowing. New technologies applied to the collection: these technologies can do what man does not imagine, the appearance of machines that distinguish the different types of crops and deposit them in different containers and that also allow the control of planting has meant a real revolution in the sector.
Drones: the use of these vehicles is increasingly widespread in the agricultural world, as well as in various areas. The fact of being equipped with cameras, sensors and being able to be controlled remotely even by GPS, have allowed the owners of large crops to track without having to access them, which avoids unnecessary damage and better monitoring constantly and at the moment of the sowings.
Telematic irrigation systems: one of the advantages of agrotechnology is undoubtedly irrigation, which, through the introduction of telematic systems, farmers can control the irrigation of their plants from anywhere, saving both money and travel times.
Virtual sensors for the control of irrigation in greenhouses: these virtual sensors, have been designed from the typical sensors that can be found in a greenhouse and measure temperature, humidity and radiation. From these three parameters, the best combination is obtained which is then transferred to the farmer in a computer application incorporated to the installed irrigation programmers. This tool allows farmers to monitor the water losses that occur in the greenhouse. Sensors are installed that collect data from which the dynamics of the variables to be measured are obtained. These variables are interrelated. It is analyzed which of these variables have a greater influence on the transpiration of the crops, making it possible to reduce to the maximum the number of sensors that must be installed and with all this the set facilitates the daily tasks making them more effective.
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