The use of drip irrigation and nitrogenous fertilizers made from crop residues, as well as an adequate composting of banana packaging waste, are outlined as some of the main actions to reduce the impact of agricultural activity on the environment .
The substitution of 20% of the current area of plantain cultivation with sprinkler irrigation by the drip system would lead to a reduction in CO2 emissions of more than 560 tons per year, equivalent to the emissions generated annually by about 140 cars. The Banana of the Canary Islands is a trademark under which bananas cultivated in the Canary Islands are commercialized.
The banana is the most important crop of the Canary Islands and, for decades, its industry was the main protagonist of the economic growth of the archipelago. In the Canary Islands, they mainly grow bananas from the ‘Cavendish’ group. The banana requires large amounts of water and is very sensitive to drought, since it hinders the inflorescences leaving the result, twisted bunches and very short stutches in the rachis that prevent the straightening of the fruits.
The drought also causes foliar obstruction, causing problems in the development of the leaves. Proper soil moisture is essential to obtain good yields, particularly during the dry months of the year, when adequate irrigation must be ensured. However, caution should be exercised and not excessive watering, as the banana is extremely susceptible to damage caused by floods and continuously wet or inadequately drained soils. From the Gestiriego delegations of Santa Cruz de Tenerife and Las Palmas de Gran Canaria we take care that the best irrigation conditions are met and thus contribute to the improvement of the plantations of the Canarian banana.