The irrigation system consists of a series of components, some innovative, although not necessarily the irrigation system should consist of all of them, since the set of components will depend on whether it is surface irrigation (mainly in its variant of flood irrigation). ), by spray, or by drip.
The issue of saving water is much more delicate than it seems, therefore, everything we can do to contribute to a responsible use of this resource, and we must take advantage of it. The most innovative irrigation systems have been fully dedicated to the task and not just to make things easier for us to take care of our crops and plantations.
Irrigation programmers are management teams that allow us to optimize the time and the area of irrigation in our crops, allowing greater water savings and improving our comfort. Likewise, we can automate the frequency and duration of irrigation.
Regarding the type, there are analog and digital irrigation programmers. Analogs are easier to use and are cheaper, but digital ones usually have more functions.
Finally, it should be noted that there are programmers with 2 or more routes that allow us to design different irrigation programs for different areas, which is perfect for large crops or areas with different water needs.
Solar watering, also known as kondenskompressor, is an infrastructure with 2 plastic bottles (one inside the other) that is based on evaporation and condensation. In the interior, the greenhouse effect is produced, as the solar energy influences and produces said evaporation.
When the interior air becomes saturated with moisture, water condenses on the walls of the bottle and forms drops that fall by gravity to the ground. In the interior of this irrigation system, a small-scale water cycle is produced, providing water to the soil continuously.
This irrigation system is very simple to manufacture and is innovative in irrigation because it allows greater savings, which comes to reduce 10 times the amount of water used in conventional irrigation systems.
Sprinkler irrigation system
Sprinkler irrigation systems collect water from a well or even directly from a river or reservoir. The water saving is greater than that of other systems. It can be used on hilly terrain, offers full coverage and distributes water very smoothly. We can distinguish the following systems:
- Conventional systems: first irrigation systems developed in sprinkler irrigation. They are divided into:
– Fixed systems: the sprinklers are placed in the established frame, and the pipe system can be buried or superficial, leaving as a protruding part and with the appropriate height the stem where the sprinkler will be incorporated.
– Systems Semifixed: they are essentially systems that are moving from one area to another manually or mechanized by rapid disassembly of the system.
– Automechanized systems: they are automotive systems that have installed electric motors or hydraulic systems that allow their movement along the irrigation surface. Within these systems are the pivoting systems of irrigation, lateral displacement systems (irrigation carts) and other watering machines.
Irrigation system by micro-sprinkler
The micro-sprinkler irrigation system is a variant of sprinkler irrigation that has a smaller range and distributes smaller droplets, allowing greater water savings. For these characteristics it is one of the best irrigation systems for horticultural crops, flowers, greenhouses or nurseries… etc.
Drip irrigation system
The drip irrigation system is usually used in arid areas because it allows a better use and savings of both water and fertilizers. The water through it is infiltrated towards the roots of the plants by means of a network of drippers. Innovation in the most important irrigation in the agriculture sector is considered since the sprinklers were invented in 1930.
Underground drainage in agricultural land
The objective of underground drainage is to lower the depth of the water table, which is the upper layer of an aquifer. It is usually used in agricultural fields that are too humid or whose groundwater levels are too high for crops to grow.
Multi-door irrigation system
The multicompuertas irrigation system conducts the water and distributes it over the land helping to economize the consumption of this resource. Of all the irrigation systems mentioned, this is the least known and also the least used.
It is a very innovative irrigation system based on the condensation of water, channeling the air through a turbine to a water reservoir that is located in the subsoil. On the way, the air cools and condenses before reaching the tank. Once the water is in, it is pumped to the drip irrigation system providing water to the plant.
It is an innovation in irrigation since they usually incorporate both natural and man-made materials. Universally, it is based, besides the plants, on the pergolas, which are spaces between gardens; they can link pavilions and make canopies on the doors of buildings, on terraces or pools.
Increase in efficiency
The ineffective use of water (that is, excessive watering) not only wastes the resource that could be used for other uses and to help avoid environmental impacts, downstream, but also causes deterioration, through saturation, salinization and leaching, and reduces the productivity of crops. The optimization of water use, therefore, should be the main concern of any irrigation system.
There are large areas of land under irrigation that have stopped producing due to soil deterioration. It may be convenient and, of course, beneficial to the environment, to invest in the restoration of these lands, rather than to increase the area of low irrigation.