The mode of modern agriculture tends towards the promotion of the efficiency of available resources, the sustainability of the agricultural sector, the preservation of the environment and the safety and quality of products.
Currently, 70% of drinking water consumption worldwide comes from the agricultural sector and pests and diseases cause losses of more than 15% of production. In addition, inadequate applications of phytosanitary products, subscribers or adverse weather conditions, not only cause losses in production but also in the quality of the products.
Therefore, the professional agricultural sector must adapt to these requirements and its commitment to innovation, is not only a tool to achieve them but also to improve the productivity and quality of their products as well as to differentiate them from their competitors.
In this sense, the so-called Wireless Sensor Networks can be a tool to monitor, predict and optimize the management and resources of agricultural activity in real time.
The Wireless Sensor Networks are formed by:
– A remote device to which different sensors are attached depending on the needs.
– The sensors, capture the information of the environment (temperature, humidity, soil moisture, solar radiation, rainfall …) and transfer it to the remote equipment, which sends it through wireless communication to a control center.
– The control center, channels the data to the servers, where they are stored and can be consulted by the user through an application. With these structures we can perform a remote control of certain elements of the farm (opening / closing solenoid valves, irrigation …).
Therefore, the use of Wireless Sensor Networks in the agricultural sector is a tool that provides greater control of exploitation and therefore a greater capacity to react to unforeseen events, achieving a better use of water resources.