Irrigation is one of the most important and relevant aspects when it comes to maintaining a garden. Both the excess and the defect of irrigation cause many diseases and disorders in plants, that is why we must achieve a water management adapted to the needs of our crops to avoid serious problems in the future.
- One way to save time and water is through drip irrigation. This irrigation system allows us to dose the water and know how much we are watering, we can also see the results and adapt to the needs of irrigation of the crops.
- In general, during the autumn and winter, we simply give a supportive irrigation that we will combine with the rains. We must avoid watering during the night and not flooding the land.
- Spring and summer tend to coincide with the period of greatest development in the orchard, so, due to the high temperatures, the absence of rain and the needs for crop development, we will need to increase both the amount of water and the frequency of irrigation. We will avoid watering during the day, being the best time to do it in the afternoon / evening.
- Although each crop has its peculiarities, in general it favors that the earth has a certain degree of humidity, that is why it is advisable to take advantage of the technique of mulching or mulching.
- It is important to know the composition of the water with which we water. In some places it has high levels of chlorine, which can cause havoc in the proper development of our crops. The same would happen with waters with a high level of salinity, since these salts are deposited in the soil and can saturate it.
- In case you do not use drip irrigation, in general it is not advisable to wet the aerial part of the crops, because it can cause fungus, burns, etc. It is better to limit ourselves to water the earth.
- If the crops have spent a long period without receiving water, it is convenient in this case to re-water them gradually and to increase the amount that we provide with water instead of saturating them with large quantities from the beginning.
- Since not all plants have the same water needs, it is important that when designing the garden and associating the crops, we take into account the water needs of each plant and gather plants with the same needs in the same area. . 9. Normally the leafy vegetables (chard, lettuce) and large flowers (cauliflower, broccoli, artichokes) need more water than other types of vegetables. On the other hand, for fruit vegetables (tomato, zucchini or squash) we must reduce the amount of water during flowering to avoid causing damage.
- For watering in pots where we do not have drip irrigation, we will pour water into the dish instead of doing it directly on the ground. In this way the roots develop more and we do not make mistakes of puddling the plant and causing root rot.