The challenge facing the agricultural industry is to efficiently produce enough food for a growing population. For this, globalization and new technologies have become allies for producers seeking to optimize resources and time. Below is a list of the trends in the agricultural sector that are happening around the world.
- Education: Probably the most important factor that is accompanied by advances in technology and communications, as well as accessibility to computer equipment (tablets, smartphones, laptops, etc.) and access to the internet. Education has never before experienced a similar revolution from aspects of general culture to detailed studies of how genetics impacts a field of cultivation or on administrative processes.
- Big Data: The massification of information is present and can help us make decisions regarding every aspect of our operations. The cloud (remote servers) is a great help to process and store this information every day. Big Data for the agricultural sector is already a reality.
- Analysis of information: The important thing is not only to have this Big Data but also to know what to do with this vast information. It is necessary to process and analyze it adequately to obtain value from it. The specialization in this sense grows big steps and allows us, with greater certainty, to make decisions that previously required more time (or had less certainty). For example, thanks to Big Data, and in combination with the use of robots or drones, today we can know precisely which areas of the crop field may need more or less fertilizers, where there are problems with irrigation, or when to harvest for that the market prices are better.
- Drones and robots: The use of automated machinery ranges from a tractor with integrated GPS to a drone that allows accurate images of what is happening with our crops. These new tools bring a new panorama, and its benefits and advantages are clearly a reality.
- Social Networks and feedback: The computer systems of distributors, as well as social networks, have opened a direct channel with our consumers. Currently watching only our mobile phone we can know what the housewife or the owner of a restaurant thinks about our products. Although there are still many challenges in the field, agricultural production can be achieved by ensuring productive capacity, sustainable management of natural resources and environmental protection.
And as we improve our metrics in sustainable production it will also be possible to achieve food security for all.